Maine Maritime Academy

Students Alumni Parents Students Directions Home

Nutting Memorial Library

PY 200 - Introduction to Psychology


Definition and Alternate Terms
When investigating the history of a condition, you'll find that the words used to describe it historically might be very different from the name it's currently given. Your challenge is to find, and/or think of alternate terms, and use them to trace the history of the disorder. The sources listed below may help you discover what the condition was called and provide ideas for searching pre-1950.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR
The library does not own this book. AllPsych Online provides limited access. Use the Categories index to the left of the page to locate the disorder. The Find bar searches the entire site - not just the DSM-IV-TR.

The following books are in the library reference collection. You'll find other books in the same call number areas that will be useful in gathering definitions and alternate terms.

Encyclopedia of Psychology
REF BF31 .E52

Encyclopedia of Psychology
REF BF31 .E522

A Comprehensive Dictionary of Psychological and Psychoanalytical Terms
REF BF31 .E58

The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy
REF RC55 .M4

American Medical Association Family Medical Guide
REF RC81 .A543


Accessible from the library home page, this catalog allows you to search and request materials from all college and many public libraries in the state of Maine. You may try a word search on the name of the assigned condition. Next, click Modify Search at the top of the page. Limit the Year of Publication to before 1950. Pick a title and click Display Holdings of Maine Info Net Libraries to see if it is available. Click REQUEST THIS ITEM. Under Choose your library, we are ME Maritime. You'll need the number on the back of your MMA ID. We receive deliveries on Tuesday and Friday and you'll receive an email when it's here.

Academic Search Complete
This database includes a limited selection of articles from the late 1800s to mid 1900s.

For OCD, try typing:
obsessive compulsive (4 results prior to 1950)

For ADHD, try typing:
hyperactivity (2 results prior to 1950)

You can also click relevant subject terms in current articles, limit by date and find older articles. The beauty of this database is that there is controlled vocabulary. What does this mean? It means the database is linking similar articles and information for you via subject terms or main ideas, even if the name of the condition didn't exist prior to 1950. Google Scholar and Classics in the History of Psychology don't link articles by main ideas.

Remember to limit by year. Email article requests to

Classics in the History of Psychology
This database provides full-text access to more than 25 books and 200 articles and chapters from industrial to modern times.
Click the Author link and search within the page (Edit/Find) or click Topics to browse the articles. There is a Search All Documents option from the front page that may be useful but the results tend to be broad. This is because the database is looking for the terms in the entire text of the article: not just the title, abstract and subject term fields.

For Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, you could try the words anxious, nervous, obsessive, repetitive, compulsive or any combination of these. In this database, it's really important to use alternate terms as there is no modern indexing to link older information with current definitions, diagnoses and vocabulary.

Try this:
Click Author
Go to Edit, Find
type women

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1914a). Functional periodicity: An experimental study of the mental and motor abilities of women during menstruation.
"The psychical and physical state of woman during the menstrual period seems to me to constitute one of the chief reasons why she should not administer public affairs. Indeed, one cannot depend upon a health so fragile and so often disturbed; the errors of judgment and the false evaluations so often made at that time prove that they (women) are unable to undertake [p. 97] comfortably and successfully that which should be the exclusive lot of the strong sex."

Could this article be used to illustrate early twentieth-century notions of PMS? To find this article, you also could have typed menstruation in the Search All Documents option. Typing PMS, premenstrual syndrome or even just premenstrual won't work.

Hysteria, in this database, is a popular term describing a multitude of conditions, the majority having to do with women. Another term that appears frequently is neuroses. You can try using these terms with other terms to pull up articles on your topic.

To find articles that could be describing schizophrenia, you could type hysteria and delusional. Doing a search on schizophrenia also brings up a few articles.

Google Scholar
Limit by date but look at the results carefully. Often, recently published articles that have referenced older articles appear. There may or may not be an abstract (summary) available. Often, you will choose an article based on the title alone. You can limit the results only to those journals in the social sciences or medical disciplines. The majority of the articles need to be ordered through interlibrary loan. Email the citiation information to or print the first page of the reference, put your name on it and give it to a staff member. Allow a week's time for the article to arrive.



Academic Search Complete

1990 to the present


1988 to the present

Google Scholar



Automatic citation generators do the work for you but not always accurately. Be sure to check the results from EasyBib, Son of Citation Machine and MS Word against established MLA format.


Son of Citation Machine

MS Word
Click the References tab and then choose MLA to put citation in the correct format.

MMA Citing Resources
Provides links to MLA format guides










Nutting Memorial Library, Maine Maritime Academy, Box C-1, Pleasant Street, Castine, ME 04420 (207) 326-2263

Quick Links
Free Hit Counters